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Bible Studies

What follows are various Bible studies on select topics. Each study consists of a list of scriptures and a short summary of what each scripture states. I'm not a scholar, so I haven't attempted anything more than these short summaries--the scriptures themselves should be the final authority on each topic.


After Death

Eccl. 3:18-20 Men are as beasts, returning to dust; Eccl. 9:5, Job 14:21, Ps. 146:4 The dead think not, know nothing; Is. 63:16 Abraham is ignorant of those alive now; John 3:13, Acts 2:29, 34 No man has ascended to heaven, even David; Heb. 11:39-40 None of faith received the promise; 1 Thes. 4:16-17, 1 Cor. 15:52 The dead sleep until Christ returns, last trump; Rev. 20:5, 13 Multiple resurrections, some rise after the millenium; John 5:28-29 Resurrections of life & of judgment


Reward of the Saved

Rom. 6:23 Eternal life; 1 Cor. 15:42-55 Glorified immortal bodies; Luke 20:35-36 Equal to angels, as children of God; Rom. 8:14, 17-19, Rev. 21:7 Sons of God & heirs with Christ; 1 John 3:2 Like God; Gen. 1:26-27 Made in God's image for dominion; Ps. 8:4-6 All things under him; 1 Cor. 6:2-3, Rev. 20:4 Saints shall judge the world & angels; Dan. 7:18, 27, Rev. 5:10, 20:6 Reign as kings & priests (1000 years) on earth


Fate of the Condemned

Three Greek words translated as hell: tartaros (present evil, & restraint of demons), gehenna (dump near Jerusalem, where trash is burned), hades (grave); Acts 2:31 Jesus went to hell (hades) for three days; I Cor. 15:55 Hell (hades) defeated; Rom. 6:23 Wages of sin is death; Heb. 10:26-27 Judgment & fiery indignation for sinners; Rev. 20:13-15, Rev. 21:8 The grave thrown in lake of fire (second death), also sinners; Matt. 13:30, 38-42 The tares are burned; Mal. 4:1, 3 Wicked burned, left as ash


Man's Purpose

Eccl. 12:13-14 Fear God, keep commands; Gen. 1:26-27 Made in God's image for dominion; Ps. 8:4-6 All things under man; Col. 3:10-14 New man is in God's image—love; I John 4:8 God is love; I John 3:2 Like God; Gal. 5:14, Rom. 13:10 Law is love; Rom. 3:19-20, 5:13-14 All guilty, as law shows sin; I Tim. 2:4 God wills all to be saved; John 3:16-17 God gave his son for love of the world; Rom. 5:10-11 Reconciled, at one with God; John 17:21-22 Oneness in God


Purpose of the Law

Gal. 3:24 The law a schoolmaster to bring us to Christ; John 14:21 Lawkeepers love Christ/God; 1 Tim. 1:5 The end of the law is love; 1 John 3:24 Lawkeepers dwell in Christ; BUT Gal. 2:16, 3:11 No one justifed by law; Acts 13:39 Justified by Christ; 1 Tim. 1:9 Law not made for righteous; Rom. 5:17-6:6 Righteous through Christ for obedience to law here on; Jer. 31:33-34, Heb. 8:10-12 New covenant—law in heart, sins blotted out, God known


What the Law Is

Gal. 3:19 Law added for transgression; 1 John 3:4 Sin is breaking law; law added because of broken law? Must be two "laws"; Gal. 3:10 Under law, under curse, but cursed not to do law; Deut. 30:16-18 Death to disobedient; 1 John 1:8 All sin, disobey; Gal. 3:13, Deut. 27:26 Jesus redeems from law's curse; Rom. 4:7-8 Blessed are the forgiven; Rom. 7:25-8:1 Law of God & life, law of sin & death; Heb. 10:1, 4, 10 Law (sacrifices) a shadow of Christ; Ps. 40:6-8 Law in heart preferred to sacrifice


What Law in Heart?

Heb. 8:10-12, Jer. 31:33-34 A law that existed before NT; Ezek. 36:26-27 A spirit/new heart given that helps obedience to old law; 1 John 3:11, 2 John 5 New/old command—love; Matt. 22:36-40 Love is what all law hangs on; which commands?; Matt. 19:16-22, Rom. 13:9-10, Ex. 20:1-17 Ten commands, plus total will in Jesus; Matt. 5:17-18 Law remains; Matt. 5:19-48 Christ shows what law in heart means using old commands; Rom. 6:1-18 New lives in law; Rom. 7:6-7 Live in spirit of law


How Spirit Works

Ezek. 36:26-27 Spirit brings new obedient heart; 1 John 2:27 Comes thru anointing, teaches truth, allows abiding in Christ; Rom. 8:1-9, Gal. 5:15-23 Spirit denies fleshly lust—dwelling in us so we think/act in Spirit; John 16:13-14 Spirit guides into truth; John 14:26 Spirit teaches & reminds of Christ's word; John 15:26 Spirit testifies of Christ; 2 Pet. 1:21, 2 Sam. 23:1-2 Prophets spoke by Spirit; Matt. 10:19-20, Acts 4:8 Disciples spoke by Spirit


How to Receive Spirit

Acts 2:38 Repentance & baptism; 1 John 2:27, Acts 8:15-18, 19:6 Given by the laying on of hands; Ps. 51, 2 Cor. 7:10-11, Deut. 30:1-10, Rev. 2:5 Repentance is contriteness for sin & will to change; Luke 13:3, 5 Perish without repentance; John 6:44, Acts 11:18, Rom. 11:29 Repentance is God's gift; Matt. 3:11, Acts 19:4 Baptism as symbol of repentance; Rom. 6:4, 6, 10, 7:6, Gal. 3:27, Eph. 4:24-32 New life in Christ, without sin; Mk. 1:4 Baptism for forgiving sin


Why Christ Had to Die

John 16:7 So H.S. comes; Matt. 16:21 To fulfill prophecy, God's will; Luke 4:18 To preach gospel, heal, & deliver; Is. 53:5 To heal; Heb. 2:17 To be high priest; Matt. 9:13 To call sinners to repent; Rom. 5:8-10, 1 Tim. 1:15 So sin is forgiven, reconcilement; (Num. 19:11-22 Death & uncleaness; Rom. 6:23 Sin brings death; Rom. 5:12, 15 Death & sin until Christ); Heb. 2:9, 14 To destroy death & Satan; Heb. 2:18, 4:15, 5:8, 1 Tim. 1:16 To suffer but obey as example; Matt. 10:39, Gal. 2:20 Lose life as Christ did to gain it


Prophecies Christ Filled

Gen. 3:15, Rom. 16:20, Heb. 2:14 Satan's destruction, Christ's death; Gen. 22:18, Acts. 3:25-26, Gal. 3:16 All earth blessed through Abraham's seed; Ex. 12:46, Num. 9:12, John 19:33-37 No broken bones; Ex. 12:5, 13, 21-23, John 1:29, 1 Cor. 5:7 Passover prefigures; Lev. 23:10-11, John 20:1, 17, 1 Cor. 15:20 Firstfruit Christ rises to God on Sunday; Num. 21:9, John 3:14-15 Death on cross; Deut. 18:15, 18-19, John 12:49 Prophet with God's words; Ps. 69:21, Matt. 27:34, 48, John 19:29 Vinegar to drink; Is. 7:14, Matt. 1:18-23 Virgin birth; Is. 50:6, Matt. 27:26, 30, 26:67 Christ's beating; Is. 52:13-53:12, Mk. 9:12, Matt. 8:17 Christ's suffering & bearing of pain; Is. 53:7, Matt. 26:63 Christ's silence; Is. 53:9, Matt. 27:44, 57-60 Grave with wicked & rich; Is. 53:11, Rom. 5:18-19 Justification; Is. 60:6, Ps. 72:10, Matt. 2:11 Kings from east shall bring gifts; Is. 61:1, Luke 4:18-19 Preaching; Jer. 23:5, Matt. 1:1 Davidic lineage; Jer. 31:15, Matt. 2:16-18 Herod's murder of Jewish babes; Dan. 9:24-27 Messianic timing & cutoff; Hos. 11:1, Matt. 2:15 Out of Egypt; Jonah 1:17, Matt. 12:40, Luke 24:1, 7, 21 Resurrection on third day; Micah 5:2, Matt. 2:5-9 Bethleham childhood home; Zech. 9:9, John 12:12-15 Jesus' ride into Jerusalem on colt; Zech. 11:13, Matt. 26:14-15, 27:3-10 Christ's betrayal for thirty silver pieces; Zech. 12:10, John 19:33-37 Christ pierced; Zech. 13:7, Matt. 26:31, 56 Disciples flee; Mal. 3:1, Matt. 11:9-10 Way prepared before


What Holy Days Picture

Sabbath: Ex. 20:8-11, Gen. 2:1-3 God's creation complete; Ex. 31:13 A sign to know God is Lord; Deut. 5:15 God's deliverance (from Egypt); Ps. 132:13-18 God's eternal Kingdom rest; Is. 56:1-7 God's redemption; Is. 58:13-14, Matt. 11:28-30, Heb. 4:9-11 Rest from our own labor, new life in Christ; Is. 66:22-23 Eternity, stability, & unity; Jer. 17:21, Luke 13:14-16 Loosening of bonds; Luke 6:9 Salvation

Passover: Ex. 12:3-14, 21-27 (esp. 26-27) Memorial of God's saving Israel; Ex. 12:3, Is. 53:7, John 1:29, Rev. 5:6 Lamb = Christ, dead for sins; Ex. 12:5, Matt. 5:48, John 14:9 Perfection of lamb, male; Ex. 12:6, Acts 2:23, Heb. 6:6 Christ's death caused by us; Ex. 12:7, 22-23, Ps. 51:7, Matt. 26:27-28, Heb. 9:13-14 Christ's blood (wine) for sin remission; Ex. 12:7, 13, Deut. 6:6, 9, John 10:7, 9 Doorposts = law/blood/ Christ; ex. 12:12, Col. 1:15 Death of firstborn; Ex. 12:46, John 19:33-37 No broken bones; John 13:1, 4-5, 14-16 Service example; Luke 22:19 Bread = Christ's body

Days of Unleavened Bread: Ex. 12:14-17, Ex. 13:3, 6-9 Memorial of bringing out of Egypt; Ex. 13:9 So law will always be in mind & deed; Ex. 14:19-22, 1 Cor. 10:1-4 Baptized in Red Sea; Acts 2:38 Baptism, with repentance, for remission of sins; Ex. 14:30, Acts 16:30-33 Salvation; Matt. 16:6, 12 Leaven = false teaching; 1 Cor. 5:7-8 Putting out sin, taking on of Godly character

Pentecost: Lev. 23:15-17 Two wave loaves = firstfruits; Jer. 2:3, Rom. 11:16-23 Israel is firstfruit; Rom. 16:5, 1 Cor. 16:15, James 1:18, Rev. 14:4 Church is firstfruit; 1 Cor. 15:20, 23 Christ is firstfruit, risen; Ex. 13:2, 22:29-30, Lev. 27:26, Deut. 18:4-5, Prov. 3:9 Firstfruits are God's; 1 Thes. 4:16, Rev. 20:4-6 Dead in Christ rise first; Rom. 8:23 Receive firstfruit of Spirit; Acts 2:1-4, 17 Coming of Holy Spirit on Pentecost; Ex. 19:1 Tradition is Pentecost was day commandments given

Feast of Trumpets: Lev. 23:24 Memorial of trumpet blowing; Ex. 19:16-21 Trumpets are God's voice, visitation; Lev. 25:9-10 Trumpets for freedom; Num. 10:2, 10, Rev. 19:17, 19 Trumpets for assembly; Num. 10:9, 31:6-7, Judg. 7:18-22 Trumpets for war; Joel 2:1, Rev. 8:6-9:21, 10:7 Day of the Lord; 1 Cor. 15:52, 1 Thes. 4:16, Rev. 11:15 Christ's return & first resurrection

Day of Atonement: Lev. 23:26-32 Day of atonement, fast; Is. 58:3-7 Fast to loose burdens; Luke 4:18 Christ frees; Matt. 9:14-15 Fast when Christ gone; Rev. 19:7-9 Believers marry Christ; John 17:21-23 At one with God; Rom. 5:10-12 Atonement through Christ's death; Lev. 16:7-28, Heb. 9:23 Offerings = pattern of heaven; Lev. 16:11, Heb. 9:7-14, Matt. 5:48, John 14:9 Atonement for priest (to be type of Jesus); Lev. 16:15-16, Heb. 6:19-20, 9:11-15, Rom. 5:10, John 14:2-3 1st goat = Christ's death, priest = Christ back in heaven; Lev. 16:20-26, Rev. 12:9, 20:1-3 2d goat = Satan removed

Feast of Tabernacles: Luke 23:39-43 Memorial of Israel in wilderness; Heb. 11:9-10 Abraham sojourns in tents; 2 Cor. 4:18-5:4, 2 Pet. 1:13-14 Tabernacle = temporal body; Ps. 15:1-2 Righteous abide in God's tabernacle; Ex. 40:34-35 God tabernacles with Israel (past); Ezek. 37:27 God dwells among men (future); Heb. 8:2, 9:24 Tabernacle is heaven, God's abode; John 1:14 Jesus given temporal flesh; John 14:23, 2 Cor. 6:16 God's abode in us; Ex. 23:16, Deut. 16:13-15 Feast of ingathering; Luke 10:2-12 Harvest like preaching gospel; Matt. 13:24-30, 37-42 Harvest like judgment day; Rev. 14:14-20 Harvest like Lord's day; Rev. 20:1-4 Timeline-wise millenium follows Satan's removal; Zech. 14:4-21 Christ's reign

Eighth Day: Lev. 23:36, Num. 29:35-38 Eighth day following Feast; John 7:37-39, Rev. 21:6 Holy Spirit given to all who believe; John 4:13-14 Water of everlasting life; Rev. 22:1-5 Water from God, new Jerusalem; Ezek. 37:1-14, esp. 14 Resurrection & Holy Spirit given; Rev. 20:11-15 Judgment day; Is. 65:17-25 100-year period?


Sabbath Observance

Gen. 2:2-3, Ex. 16:23-30 Sabbath before Old Cove-nant; Ex. 20:8-11 God's command; Lev. 23:32 Even to even; Ex. 31:13-17 God's people's sign; Lev. 23:3 God's day (not Jews'); Heb. 4:4-10 Sabbath for today, as rest in Christ/Kingdom; Mk 1:21, 6:2, Luke 4:31 Christ kept Sabbath; Mk. 2:27-28 Sabbath for man (not Jews); Acts 13:42-44, 17:2-4, 18:4 Paul & Gentiles kept Sabbath; Is. 66:22-23 Sabbath in future; Lev. 23:37-38 Holy days, like Sabbath; Acts 12:3, 20:6, 16, 27:9, 1 Cor. 5:8, 16:8 Holy days in NT; Zech. 14:16 Holy days in future


What Baptism Pictures

Gen. 6:7-8, 17, 1 Pet. 3:20-21 Noah saved by water, old to new world; 1 Cor. 10:1-2, Ex. 14:29-31, 13:21 Israel saved by water, led by God; Josh. 3:13-17 Israel thru water to Promised Land; Gal. 2:20 Old man, new man; Rom. 6:3-16, Col. 2:12-13 Baptized unto Christ's death, new sinless life; Matt. 26:28, Acts 2:38 Sin remission, Christ's death; Acts 8:12 Belief; Mk. 10:38-39, Matt. 3:16-17 Christ baptized, with Spirit, as are we; Gal. 3:27 Baptism = putting on Christ; 1 Cor. 15:29 Resurrection


What Water Symbolizes

Death: Ps. 90:3-7 God de-stroys men like flood; Gen. 1:2, Jer. 4:23 Waters cover dark earth; Gen. 6:17, 7:21-23, 2 Pet. 2:5, 9 Flood to destroy men; Ex. 14:13-16, 21-31 God destroys Egypt in sea; Jonah 1:17-2:10, Matt. 12:38-40 Jonah in whale like Christ buried

Creation: Gen. 1:2-7, Ps. 24:2, 107:33, Is. 51:15 Earth's beginning in water; Tit. 3:4-5 Washing of regeneration

Cleansing:Lev. 15:5-13, 16-19, 21-22, 27, 22:6 Wash to be cleansed; Num. 19:2-22, Ps. 51:2 Water to purify from death/sin; Ps. 26:6, 73:13 Wash hands in in-nocence; Matt. 27:24 Pilate washes to declare inno-cence; Zech. 13:1 Future fountain opened for Judah's sin/uncleaness; John 13:4-16 Jesus washes disciples' feet to serve; Eph. 5:25-28 Chirst cleansed church; 1 Cor. 6:11 Washed & justi-fied in Jesus; Acts 22:16 Baptism = washing away sins; Heb. 10:22 Draw close to God with washing; Is. 1:15-16 God won't listen unless washed clean; Ex. 15:22-27 God supplies clean water amid bad

Sustenance/growth: Job 38:37, Ps. 104:13 God sup-plies rain; Gen. 2:5-6 Water to feed plants; Gen. 21:14-20 Hagar given water; Gen. 26:17-22 God provides Isaac a well; Ex. 17:3-6, Num. 20:1-11, 21:4-6, 16-18, Ps. 78:20, Is. 48:21, 1 Cor. 10:4 God supplies Is-rael water in desert (Num. 21:18: by lawgiver's direc-tion); Deut. 11:10-12 God cares for Promised Land, gives rain; 2 Kings 3:17 God supplies Israel water without rain; 1 Kings 17:1-7 God supplies Elijah with water/food; Is. 35:4-7, 43:18-20 God supplies water in future; Is. 55:1-2 God supplies water to thirsty; Heb. 6:7-8 Produce fruit or be burned

Life: Ps. 36:8-9 God sup-plies fountain of life; John 4:6-15, 25-26, Rev. 21:6 Je-sus/God offers living water; Zech. 14:8, Rev. 22:1-2 In future, living waters come from Jerusalem, God's throne; Ex. 2:3-10 Moses' life spared via water

Law/fear of God: Prov. 13:14 Law is fountain of life; Prov. 14:27 Godly fear is fountain of life; Is. 48:18 Obey commands = river peace, righteous as sea; Jer. 2:13 Israel forsook fountain/ God for broken cisterns; Is. 5:13 Lack of knowledge = thirst; Is. 44:9-12 Follow idol = thirst; Ps. 42:1-2, 63:1, 143:6 Thirst for God; Matt. 5:6 Thirst after right-eousness filled; Matt. 7:24-29, Luke 6:47-49 Obedi-ence like weathering storm

Leadership (by God): Gen. 24:10-28, 29:1-12 God leads to wife by water; Ps. 23:2 God/shepherd leads by peaceful water; Rev. 7:15-17 God leads to living water; Prov. 21:1 God con-trols kings like water; Ps. 77:19 God's path is in water; Jonah 1:4-16, Matt. 8:24-27 Sea obeys God; Jer. 17:13 Those who part die

Holy Spirit: Joel 3:18 Water from God's house in future; Is. 44:1-4 Water & spirit poured on Israel; John 7:37-39 Believe Jesus, receive/give water, i.e., Holy Spirit; John 3:2-5 Born of water & Spirit to enter Kingdom; Matt. 3:11, 13-17, Mk. 1:4-11, John 1:29-34, Acts 1:5, 11:15-17 Baptism of water & spirit; 1 John 5:6-8 Witness of water, spirit, blood; 1 Cor. 12:13 Unity in/of spirit

God: Ezek. 43:2, Rev. 1:15, 14:2 God's voice of many waters

Salvation: Jud. 4:7, 5:11 Delivered in water drawing place; Ps. 116:13, 16:5 "Cup" of salvation = God; Is. 12:3 With joy, draw from wells of salvation; Is. 58:11 Chosen are like a water spring in future; Matt. 10:42, Mk. 9:41 Give water as given you for salvation

Peace: Ps. 23:2 God as shepherd leads by peaceful water; Is. 48:18 Peace as river for obedience; Ps. 66:12 Peace extended to Israel/Gentiles


Laying on of Hands

Heb. 6:2-3 Seminal doctrine

Blessing: Gen. 48:12-20 Jacob blesses Ephraim & Manasseh; Matt. 19:13-15, Mk. 10:13-16 Jesus blesses children

Receipt of Holy Spirit/ Gifts: Acts 8:13-19 H.S. via hands not baptism; Acts 19:4-6 Paul lays hands on John's followers; 1 Tim. 4:14 Timothy's gift via presbytery's hands; 1 Tim. 5:22 Lay hands on no man suddenly; 2 Tim. 1:6 Timothy's gift via Paul's hands

Tranfer of authority/ commission: Num. 27:18-23, Deut. 34:9 Moses to Joshua; Acts 6:2-6 Deacons ordained; 1 Tim. 5:22 Lay hands on no man suddenly; Acts 13:1-4 Paul & Barnabas sent

Transfer of responsibility: Is. 53:6 Sins laid on Jesus; Lev. 16:22 Sins laid on live goat

Healing: Mk. 16:17-18 Signs of believers; Acts 9:12, 17 Paul receives sight; Acts 28:8 Paul heals Plubius; James 5:14-15 Procedure, & use of oil (anointing)


Anointing

Transfer of authority to kings: 1 Sam. 9:16, 10:1 Saul anointed king; 1 Sam. 16:13, 2 Sam. 2:4, 5:3, Ps. 89:20 David anointed king (& given Spirit); 1 Kings 1:39, 1 Chron. 29:22 Solomon anointed king; 1 Kings 19:16, 2 Kings 9:1-3, 6 Hazael & Jehu anointed kings, Elisha prophet; 2 Kings 11:12 Joash anointed king; Is. 45:1 Cyrus anointed king; Rom. 13:1 God ordains those who have power

Transfer of authority to priests/prophets: Ex. 30:23-33 Special oil for Aaron & sons; Ex. 29:5-7, 40:13-15, Lev. 8:12 Aaron & sons anointed priest; Heb. 5:1, 8:3 Priests ordained for men; Zech. 4:14, Rev. 11:3-4 Two witnesses anointed; Mk. 3:14-15 Christ ordains twelve; Acts 1:22 One ordained in Judas' stead; 1 Chron. 16:22, Ps. 105:15 God protects anointed priests

Things set apart: Ex. 40:9-11 Tabernacle anointed; Gen. 28:18 Jacob's stone

Of Christ: Ex. 29:22-24, Lev. 8:25-27 Oiled bread part of wave offering; Is. 61:1-3, Luke 4:18-19 Christ anointed to preach gospel; Luke 7:46 Christ's feet anointed; Luke 23:56, John 19:39-40 Christ's dead body anointed; 1 Sam. 2:9-10 God gives strength to anointed king

Of Church: Ps. 133:1-2 Church unity like anointing; Ps. 23:5, 92:10 Shepherd anoints sheep; 2 Cor. 1:21-22 God anoints Church with Spirit; John 15:16 Christ ordains Church; 1 John 2:27 Anointing abides in believers; 1 Chron. 16:22, Ps. 20:6, 28:8, 105:15 God protects/saves anointed


Why the Ten Commandments

Overall Purpose: Deut. 6:20-25 For our good

1. Why No Other Gods: Ex. 20:3, Deut. 5:7 No other gods before God; Ps. 50:8-12 God owns all; Deut. 6:14-15 God jealous & will destroy; Deut. 13:6-18 Death for those who entice to other gods, for such leads away from God; Deut. 8:19 Serve other gods = forgetting God; Acts 17:24-28 Command not for God's need but man's because we are his offspring; Josh. 24:14-25 Can't serve more than one god; Matt. 6:24, Luke 16:13 Can't serve 2 masters; Rom. 6:16 Who you obey is who you serve; Matt. 6:19-21 Where treasure is, there heart is; Ex. 23:33 Other gods lead to sin; John 8:34 Servant of sin if committing it; 1 John 3:4 Sin = breaking law; Deut. 11:28 Law tied to following God; 2 Kings 17:34-39 No fear of God = no obedience to law; 2 Kings 17:38, Judges 2:17, 19, 6:10 Fearing other gods = forgetting law/covenant; Ps. 106:36-40 Other gods lead to following one's own ideas & sin; Gen. 3:5 First sin was following own ideas; Matt. 22:37-40 Loving neighbor like loving God; 1 John 3:2 Future like unto God; 2 Pet. 1:4 Partakers of divine nature thru escaping lust; Rom. 1:20-32, Eph. 4:17-19, Ps. 81:9-12, Hos. 4:6-7 Without knowledge of God, lust/vileness take over; Acts 14:15-17 God, though making all, allows people to follow own ideas; Prov. 14:12, 16:25, Rom. 6:21, 8:13 Own ideas lead to death; Deut. 7:16-18 Other gods a snare, lack of faith in God; Matt. 6:25-33, Luke 12:22-34 God first priority & all physical things supplied

2. Why No Idols: Ex. 20:4-6, Deut. 5:8-10 No graven images; Ex. 20:5-6, Deut. 5:9-10 God is jealous; Deut. 4:23-28 God is jealous, & idols will cause you to perish/lose identity; Hos. 13:2-3 Idol worshippers shall pass away; Ps. 96:5 Gods of other nations are idols; Deut. 4:28, 32:37-39, Hab. 2:18-19, Is. 37:18-19, 44:9, Jer. 2:11 Idols have no life; 1 Kings 18:17-39, esp. 27 Elijah's testimony against Baal; Deut. 4:35, 39, Is. 43:10-13, 44:8, 45:21, 1 Cor. 8:4 No other god but God; Ps. 115:3-8, 135:15-18, Is. 44:10-20, 45:20, Jer. 10:14-15, 51:17-18 No life in idols, no knowledge/life in followers; Rom. 1:22-31 Idols lead to foolishness & sin; Is. 40:12-26, 46:5-7 Nothing physical compares to God; Acts 17:29 God not like stone, silver, gold; Dan. 2:13-45 Idols = man's physical/temporal concerns vs. God's eternal concerns; Luke 12:22-34 World seeks physical, God's people the spiritual; John 4:23-24 Worship in spirit & truth; Ps. 106:19-20 Man's glory changed to ox in idol; Num. 21:7-9, 2 Kings 18:4 Serpent worshipped rather than God; Ex. 32:1-6 People look to physical—Moses, calf—for deliverance; Dan. 3:29 No other god can deliver; Rom. 13:1 No power but of God; John 1:3, Heb. 11:3 All visible things made by God; Heb. 9:24 Temple as figure of reality; Col. 1:15-17, John 14:9 Christ is image of invisible God

3. Why Honor Name: Ex. 20:7, Deut. 5:11 Do not take God's name in vain; Lev. 24:14-16 Death to blasphemer; Ps. 111:9 God's name holy, reverend; Lev. 22:32 God's name to be hallowed like him; Ps. 113:1-3 God's name to be praised; Eph. 1:21 God's name above all others; Phil. 2:8-9, Heb. 1:4 Christ given name above all others; John 20:31 Life in God's name; Acts 4:10-12 Salvation thru Christ's name; Col. 3:17 Do all in God's name; John 10:25 Christ worked in Father's name; Mal. 1:6-13 Profane God's name in not giving him the best; Matt. 23:8-10 Put not God's names on self/others; Luke 6:46 Why say Lord & obey not?; Matt. 7:21-23 Using God's name not enough, must obey; Deut. 28:58 God's name & law joined; 2 Tim. 2:19 Name God, depart sin; Prov. 22:1, Eccl 7:1 Importance of good name; Lev. 18:21 Child sacrifice profanes God's name; 2 Sam. 12:14 David's sin allowed others to blaspheme God; Ezek. 36:16-32 Israel's disobedience profaned God's name; Rom. 2:17-24 God's name profaned among Gentiles by lawbreakers; John 7:28, 14:6 God/Jesus is truth; Lev. 19:12, Matt. 5:33-37 No swearing (falsely); Jer. 14:14 False prophets lie in God's name; Matt. 24:5, Mk. 13:6, Luke 21:8 Deceive in Christ's name; Rom. 1:21-25 God's truth turned to lie in putting other things first; John 15:16, 16:24 Ask in Christ's name to receive; James 4:1-3 Receive not because ask with lust; Deut. 12:5, 11, 14:24, 26:2, 1 Kings 8:29 God places his name on sites; 1 Kings 11:36, 14:21 God put his name on Jerusalem; 1 Kings 8:29 God places name on temple; 1 Cor. 3:16, 6:19, 2 Cor. 6:16 Believers are now temple; Eph. 2:21 Church is temple; Matt. 10:22, Luke 6:22, 21:17 Hated for Christ's name; Rev. 3:8 Philadelphia does not deny God's name; Acts 9:15-16 Paul bears God's name; Matt. 28:19, Acts 2:38 Baptized in God's name; John 1:12, 1 John 3:1-2 Believers called God's sons, to be like him; Is. 56:5, 62:2 God will give his people a new everlasting name; Rev. 2:17, 3:12, 14:1 God's name written on believers

Names of God
El:Mighty, generic name for God (Gen. 28:3)
Elohim: Strong one, uniplural of El (Gen. 1:26)
JHVH: Self-existent, translated LORD (Ex. 6:3, 3:14)
El-Shaddai: Supplier of all, bestower of bounty, usually translated God Almighty (Gen. 49:24-25)
Adonai: Master, owner of all, translated Lord, usually plural possessive (2 Sam. 7:18-20)
El Elyon: Most high God (Gen. 14:19-20)
El-Gibhor: Mighty God (Is. 9:6)
El Olam: Everlasting God (Gen. 21:33)
Jehovah-jireh: God that provides (Gen. 22:14)
Jehovah-rophe: God that heals (Ex. 15:26)
Jehovah-nissi: God my banner (Ex. 17:15)
Jehovah M'Kadesh: God who sanctifies (Lev. 20:8)
Jehovah Shalom: God is peace (Judg. 6:24)
Jehovah-Tsidkenu: God our righteousness (Jer. 23:5-6)
Jehovah-Rohi: God my shepherd (Ps. 23)
Jehovah-Shammah: God is there (Ezek. 48:35)
Jehovah Sabbaoth: Lord of hosts (1 Sam. 17:45)
Jehovah Elohim Israel: Jehovah as God of Israel (Judg. 5:3)
Aphir: Mighty One (Gen. 49:24)
Attiq Yamin: Ancient of days (Dan. 7:9, 13, 22)
Eyaluth: Strength (Ps. 22:19)
Gaol: Redeemer (Job 19:25)
Kadoshi: Holy One (Ps. 71:22)
Kanna: Jealous, zealous (Ex. 34:14)
Magen: Shield (Ps. 3:3)
Melekh: King (Ps. 5:2)
Palet: Deliverer (Ps. 18:2) Shaphat: Judge (Gen. 18:25)
Tsemach: Branch (Jer. 23:5, Zech. 6:12)
Yeshua: Saviour (Is. 43:3)
Zur: God our Rock (Deut. 32:18)
Theos: generic Greek name for God (Rom. 3:30, 1 Tim. 1:17, John 20:28)
Kurios: Greek for Lord (Acts 2:36)
Soter: Greek for Saviour (Luke 1:47)
Logos: The Word (John 1:1)
Despotes: Greek for master/owner (Acts 4:24)
Hupsistos: Highest (Matt. 21:9)
Pantokrator: Greek for Almighty (2 Cor. 6:18, Rev. 19:6)
Angel of the Lord (Gen. 16:7-13, Gen. 31:11-13, Ex. 3:2-4)
First & Last (Is. 44:6)
Stone (Gen. 49:24)
Sun of righteousness (Mal. 4:2)
Father (Matt. 7:11)
Is. 9:6 Wonderful, Counsellor, mighty God, everlasting Father, Prince of Peace

4. Why Keep Sabbath: Mk. 2:27-28 Made for man; Ezek. 20:20 To know God is God; Ex. 20:8-11 Reminds of God's creation & to follow his example; Gen. 2:2-3, Ex. 31:17 Because God rested; Deut. 5:12-15 Reminds of God's salvation; Luke 13:14-16 Bonds loosened on this day; Amos 8:4-8 Stop commerce & thus remember needy; Is. 58:13-14 To delight God; Is. 66:23 To worship God; Ex. 31:13, 17, Ezek. 20:12 As sign between God & his people; Heb. 4:9-11 To rest from own work lest we fall into unbelief/disobedience; Lev. 23:3 To meet together; Heb. 10:24-25 To encour-age one another

5. Why Honor Parents: Ex. 20:12 That your days may be long on God-given land; Eph. 6:1-3 Because it's right & for long life; Prov. 17:6 Because father is child's glory; Prov. 10:1, 15:20, 17:25 To make parents happy; Prov. 19:13 To avoid calamity; Col. 3:20 To please God; John 15:10 To abide in God's/parents' love; Deut. 4:37-40 God loved children because of parents—obey God's commands to have long, good life, both parents & kids (Deut. 12:23-25); Rom. 13:1-7, 1 Pet. 2:13-14, Eccl. 8:2-5 Respect authorities for they are placed by God to encourage good; Ps. 78:5-7 Pass law & God thru generations; Deut. 6:5-7, 11:18-19 Law in heart, spoken of to kids; Eph. 6:4 Parents to bring children up in God's way; Prov. 22:6 Right-trained child = right-trained adult; Gen. 18:19 Abraham noted as one who will instruct kids in God's way; Ex. 3:6, 15:2 My father's God; Ex. 12:26-27, 13:8, 14, Josh. 4:6-7, 21-24 Examples of passing on God's knowledge; 2 Chron. 22:3 Mother bad influence on Ahaziah; 2 Chron. 24:1-2, 15-18 Joash serves God because of Jehoida's influence; Deut. 4:5-9 National greatness tied to passing down law; Deut. 21:18-21 Kill rebel son to put out evil; Mal. 4:5-6 Curse if father's/children's hearts not toward each other; Ps. 103:13, Mal. 3:17 God like a father who pities; Matt. 7:11 God like a father in gift giving; Deut. 8:5, Prov. 3:12, Heb. 12:5-11 God like a father in chastening; Matt. 12:49-50 God's family = those who do his will; Rom. 8:16, Rev. 21:7 We are (to be) children of God; 1 John 3:9-10, 3:4 Children of God keep law/don't sin; Matt. 18:3-4, Luke 18:16-17 Must be humble like child to be in Kingdom; 1 Pet. 2:2 Desire milk of word, like babes Ps. 89:26-27 Those who honor God as father shall be higher than kings; John 12:35-36, 8:12 Children of light, Christ is light, without light can't see path; Ps. 119:104, Prov. 6:23 Word/law is lamp; John 14:23 Keep law, & God will love; John 5:19 Christ does as his Father does; Luke 10:22 All revealed to Christ by Father; John 6:39-40 Jesus does Father's will that we may have everlasting life; John 14:9 Christ like his Father (Col. 1:15, 2 Cor. 4:4)

How to Respect Rulers
Rom. 13:1-7, 1 Pet. 2:13-14, Eccl. 8:2-5 Respect authorities for they are placed by God to encourage good; Ex. 22:28 Curse not rulers, nor despise; Eccl. 10:20 Curse not, lest king find out; Eccl. 10:4 Yielding pacifies leaders; Prov. 25:15 Patience persuades/changes rulers

6. Why No Murder: Ex. 20:13 Thou shalt not; Gal. 5:21 Murderers won't inherit Kingdom; Matt. 26:52, Rev. 13:10 Live by sword, die by it; Hos. 4:2-3 People languish in land of murder; Is. 33:1, Hab. 2:8 Evil deeds dealt back to doer; Matt. 19:16-19 That we live forever; Gen. 9:5-6 No murder, for made in God's image; Jer. 7:9-11 Dishonors God's name; James 4:1-3 War rooted in lust; Matt. 15:19-20, Mk. 7:20-23 Murder from evil thoughts, defiles; Rom. 5:12 Death came by sin; Num. 35:31-34 Defiles land; Lev. 18:25 Defiled land vomits out inhabitants; Matt. 5:21-22 Anger/hate alone is wrong; Lev. 19:17-18 Don't hate or avenge, but love; 1 John 3:15 Hate = murder, no life in murderer; Hos. 9:7 Hate makes men see prophets as crazy; Rom. 12:19 Vengeance belongs to God; Deut. 32:39, 1 Sam. 2:6, Job 1:21 God has authority to give/take life; 1 Cor. 6:19 You are not your own--belong to God; Ps. 68:20 Issues of death belong to God; Rom. 13:9 No murder part of command to "love neighbor"; Luke 10:25-28, 1 John 3:14 Love neighbor for life; Rom. 12:20-21 Help enemies; Matt. 5:43-48 Love enemies that we be like God; John 18:36 God's kingdom not of world; Acts 17:25 God gives life to all; Deut. 30:19-20, Ezek. 20:11 God is life, gives law that we have life; Is. 25:8 God to swallow up death in victory; John 6:35, 58, 10:10, 11:25, 14:6 Christ is life

7. Why No Adultery: Ex. 20:14 Thou shalt not; Matt. 5:27-28 Lust is adultery; Rom. 6:12, 14 No freedom in sin/lust; Rom. 13:8-10 No adultery = loving neighbor, staying out of debt; 1 Thess. 4:3-7 To know how to possess honor, defraud not others; Deut. 22:23-29 Sleeping with woman = humbling her; Deut. 22:13-21, 2 Sam 13:12-13 Adultery = folly; Num. 5:20-27 Adulterer = curse; Lev. 18:20 Adultery defiles self; Prov. 6:32-33 Adulterer destroys self, brings dishonour; Prov. 5:3-4, 8-11, 29:3 Adultery leads to loss of honor, wealth; Prov. 6:26 Poverty follows adultery; Hos. 4:10 No gain/ satisfaction in whoredom; Hos. 4:11 Whoredom leads to no heart; Eph. 5:25, 28-29, 33 Love wife, love self; 1 Cor. 7:33-34 Spouse cares for things of spouse, how to please spouse; Eph. 5:31, Gen. 2:24 Husband/ wife = one flesh; Matt. 19:5-6 No man to put marriage asunder; 1 Cor. 7:3-4, Gen 2:23 Body belongs to spouse 1 Cor. 6:13-20, Eph. 5:30-32 Body belongs to God; Is. 54:5, Jer. 31:32, Hos. 2:19, 2 Cor. 11:2 God/Christ is husband; Hos. 2:2-13 Israel's marriage benefits withdrawn by God for cheating; Hos. 5:4 Spirit of whoredom keeps from God; Lev. 19:29 Whoredom leads to wicked land; Luke 18:18-20 To gain eternal life; 1 Cor. 6:9 Adulterers not in Kingdom

8. Why No Stealing: Ex. 20:15 Thou shalt not; Rom. 13:8-10 Part of loving neighbor; Prov. 9:17-18, 20:17 Feels good, but death follows; Jer. 22:13-19 No lament for thief's death, no glory; Hos. 12:7 Stealing is oppression; James 5:4, Deut. 24:15 Thievery enters God's ears; 1 Thes. 4:6-8 Thief despises God, & God avenges; Mal. 3:9-10 That there be meat in God's house & to receive blessing; Deut. 25:13-15 To live long on land given; Amos 8:4-10 Land spews out thieves/deceivers/ oppressors; 1 Cor. 6:9-10 No thieves in Kingdom; Matt. 19:16-18 To receive eternal life; Eph. 4:28 Labor to give to needy; Ps. 41:1 God delivers those who help poor; Prov. 19:17 God repays what is given to poor; Deut. 15:7-11 Be generous to poor, w/o sin, & receive blessing; Jer. 22:16 To know God; Luke 6:30-36 Be merciful & giving to be like God, receive reward

9. Why No Lying: Ex. 20:16 Do not bear false witness; Prov. 14:5 True witness won't lie; Matt. 15:18-20 Lies defile man; Prov. 12:20 Goal of deceit is evil; Eph. 4:25 Because we are members of each other; Rom. 13:8-10 Part of loving neighbor; Prov. 18:8 Talebearer hurts deeply; Prov. 12:19 Lies don't last; Prov. 19:9 Liar perishes; Eccl. 5:2-6 God destroys liar's works; Zech. 8:16-17 Because God hates; Matt. 19:16-19 To gain eternal life; Rev. 21:8 Liars to die; John 8:44 Satan = father of lies; Rom. 1:18-32, esp. 25 Sin transforms truth to lie, causes idolatry, etc.; Matt. 15:8-9 Worship in words only is vanity; Is. 29:13-14 Vain words fade; Col. 3:8-10 To be in God's image; 1 Tim. 1:5 Law's end is faith unfeigned; Prov. 12:22 God delights in truth; Tit. 1:2 God cannot lie; John 17:17 God's word is truth; Ps. 119:142 God's law is truth; Deut. 32:4 God of truth; John 14:6 Christ is truth; John 14:7 Christ is father's image; Ps. 51:6 God wants truth inside; 1 Cor. 5:8 Sincerity & truth; 2 Cor. 2:17 God is sincere; John 8:32 Truth sets free; Eph. 4:29 Good words give grace v. corrupt ones; Prov. 14:25 Truth delivers others; 2 Cor. 4:2 Truth commends to others; 2 Thes. 2:8-12 Love truth, lest deceived

Value of Good Words
Prov. 12:14 Man satisfied with fruit of mouth; Prov. 13:2 Man eats good by fruit of mouth; Prov. 10:21 Righteous lips feed many; Prov. 15:4 Good tongue is tree of life, perverse one sucks spirit; Ps. 34:12-13, 1 Pet. 3:10 Refrain from evil speech to see good life; Prov. 14:3 Wise lips preserve; Prov. 12:6 Righteous words deliver; Prov. 12:18 Wise tongue is health; Prov. 16:24 Pleasant tongue is health; Tit. 2:7-8 Sound speech to shame others, keep self from evil; James 3:2-6 Control tongue, control body--no control, defile body; Matt. 12:34-37 Words speak of what's in heart; Prov. 18:6-7 Fools like to argue, cause trouble; Prov. 16:27-28 Froward sows strife, kills friendships; Prov. 10:31-32 Froward tongue to be cut out; Ps. 12:2-3 God to cut off proud/flattering tongue

10. Why No Coveting: Ex. 20:17 Thou shalt not covet; Gen. 2:16-17, 3:5-6 Man's first sin; Ps. 119:36 Covetousness = opposite of law; Col. 3:5 Covetousness = idolatry; Rom. 6:16 We are servants of who we obey; Matt. 6:24 Can't serve 2 masters; 1 Tim. 6:8-10 Focus on riches brings temptation & trouble; Prov. 15:27 Greed troubles own house; James 1:14-15 Lust leads to temptation leads to sin; Matt. 5:28 Already sinned in heart; Mk. 7:20-23 Comes from heart, defiles; James 4:1-3 Wars & fight stem from lust; Mic. 2:2 Leads to violence & oppression; Deut. 16:19, Ex. 23:8 Bribes pervert justice; Eccl. 7:7 Oppression brings madness, bribes destroy heart; Josh. 6:18, 7:1-5, 21 Hurts others; Prov. 14:30 Envy rots bones; 1 Cor. 6:9-10 Covetous won't inherit Kingdom; Eccl. 5:10-15 Desire begets more desire; Prov. 23:5 Riches fly away; Ps. 49:17, 1 Tim. 6:7 Can't take it with you; 1 John 2:15-17 Physical passes away; 1 Tim. 6:6 Contentment is gain; Prov. 15:16 Better less than much with trouble; Ps. 37:16-28 God will preserve righteous poor vs. rich wicked; Heb. 13:5-6 If content, no need to fear man; Acts 20:35 More blessed to give than receive; Luke 12:15 More to life than possessions; Matt. 6:25-34, Luke 8:14 Not able to bring forth fruit when focused on possessions; 1 Pet. 1:24-25 World passes, but God endures; 1 Tim. 6:17-19 Rich to trust God, not riches, for eternal life; Phil. 2:4-8 To have Christ's mind; 2 Cor. 10:5 Bring all thought into captivity; Rom. 13:9 Part of loving neighbor


What Is the Soul?

Words most often translated soul are, from Hebrew, nephesh (meaning, accord-ing to Strong's, soul, self, life, creature, person, appe-tite, mind, living being, de-sire, emotion, or passion) &, from Greek, psuche (mean-ing, according to Strong's Greek Lexicon, breath, life, or soul--seat of feelings, desires, affections, & aversions, "animal sentient principle" as opposed to "immortal soul," pneuma, which means breath or figuratively spirit, which it is often translated as, or zoe, which means life or vitality, including that of plants); neither nephesh nor psuche are ever translated as spirit, though nephesh is translated as ghost once. Nephesh is most often translated soul, but is also translated as, from most to least, life (Gen. 1:30 God creates beasts having life; Gen. 9:4 Not to eat flesh with life, meaning blood; Gen. 19:17 Escape for your life; Ex. 4:19 Men sought Moses' life; Ex. 21:30 Life for life; Judges 18:25 Lose your life with lives of others; Is. 15:4 Life to be greivous), person (Gen. 36:6 Esau gathers persons of household; Num. 5:6 Persons guilty for sin; Num. 31:19 Whoever has killed a person; Ezek. 17:17 Cut off many persons; Ezek. 27:13 Trade persons in market), mind (Gen. 23:8 If it be your mind; Deut. 18:6 Come with all desire of mind; Deut 28:65 Sorrow of mind; 1 Sam. 2:35 God will raise up faithful priest of his mind; Ezek. 23:17-18, 22, 28 Alienated mind; Ezek. 36:5 Despiteful mind), heart (Ex. 23:9 Israel knows stranger's heart; Deut. 24:15 Poor set heart on wages; 1 Sam. 2:33 Grieve one's heart; 2 Sam. 3:21 One's heart desires; Prov. 23:7 As he thinks in heart, so is he; Prov. 28:25 Proud heart; Jer. 42:20 Dissemble in heart; Ezek. 25:6 Rejoice in heart; Ezek. 25:15 Despiteful heart), creature (Gen. 1:21 God made creatures), body (Lev. 21:11, Hag. 2:13 Dead body), dead (Lev. 19:28 Not to cut flesh for dead; Lev. 21:1 Not to be defiled for dead), will (Ps. 27:12 The will of one's enemies), desire (Eccl. 6:9 Wandering of desire; Jer. 44:14 Desire to return; Mic. 7:3 Mischievous desire; Hab. 2:5 Enlarge desire), man (Ex. 12:16 Men to eat; Is. 49:7 Him whom man despises), appetite (Prov. 23:2 A man given to appetite; Eccl. 6:7 Appetite not filled), lust (Ex. 15:9 Lust will be satisfied; Ps. 78:18 Meat for lust), thing (Lev. 11:10 Can't eat just any living thing in the water; Ezek. 47:9 Everything that lives), beast (Lev. 24:18 Beast for beast), pleasure (Deut. 23:24 Eat at your pleasure), breath (Job 41:21 Breath kindles coals), ghost (Job 11:20, Jer. 15:9 Giving up of the ghost), or as a pronoun (he, it, they, him, herself, himself, themselves, yourselves, any). Psuche most often translated soul, but is also translated as, from most to least, life (Matt. 2:20 Child Christ's life sought; Matt. 20:28 Christ came to give his life; Mk. 8:35 He who loses life for gospel's sake shall find it; Luke 12:22 Give no thought to your life or body; John 15:13 Love is giving life for friends; Rev. 8:9 Creatures in sea had life), mind (Acts 14:2 Jews stirred up evil in minds against brethren; Phil. 2:27 Stand fast with one mind; Heb. 12:3 Faint not in mind), heart (Eph. 6:6 Do God's will from heart), & as a pronoun (you)


What Do Souls Do?

Lev. 26:15 Souls abhor; Lev. 26:30 God has a soul that can abhor; Lev. 23:29 Souls can be afflicted; Is. 29:8 Souls have appetite; Jer. 9:9 Souls can be avenged; Gen. 27:4 Souls bless; Ps. 34:2 Souls boast; Num. 30:2 Souls can be bound by oaths; Ps. 57:6 Souls bow down; Ps. 119:20 Souls break; Job 33:30 Souls can be brought back from the grave; Ps. 42:6 Souls can be cast down; Ps. 69:10 Souls can be chastened with fasting; Job 7:15 Souls choose; Gen. 34:3 Souls cleave to others; Ps. 119:25 Souls cleave to dust; Ps. 19:7 Souls can be converted; Job 24:12 Souls cry out; Job 31:30 Souls can be cursed; Gen. 17:14, Ex. 12:15 Souls are cut off; Is. 42:1 Souls delight; Job 33:28 Souls can be delivered from the grave; Ps. 17:13 Souls can be delivered from wicked; Ps. 33:19 Souls can be delivered from death; Gen. 35:18 Souls depart; Deut. 14:26, Job 23:13 Souls desire; Prov. 15:32 Souls can be despised; Ps. 141:8 Souls can be destitute; Lev. 23:30, Prov. 6:32 Souls can be destroyed; Ps. 33:19, Ezek. 18:20, Rev. 16:3 Souls die; Num. 21:4 Souls can be discouraged; Heb. 4:12 Souls can be divided; Num. 11:6 Souls dry away; Ps. 25:13 Souls dwell at ease; Lev. 7:18 Souls eat; Ps. 124:7 Souls escape; Song 5:6 Souls fail; Ps. 107:5 Souls faint; Prov. 11:25, 13:4 Souls can be fat; Ps. 123:4 Souls can be filled; Ps. 11:1 Souls can flee; Lev. 22:6 Souls have flesh; Ps. 63:8 Souls follow; Ps. 26:9 Souls can be gathered; Judg. 10:16 Souls grieve; 2 Sam. 5:8, Ps. 11:5 Souls hate; Ps. 41:4 Souls can be healed; Ps. 16:10 Souls can go to hell--the grave; Acts 3:23 Souls hear; Ps. 35:13 Souls can be humbled; Ps. 107:9, Is. 29:8 Souls can hunger; 1 Sam. 24:11 Souls can be hunted; Matt. 10:28 Souls can be killed; 2 Chron. 34:31 Souls can keep the law; 1 Sam. 18:1 Souls can be knit with other souls; Job 9:21 Men can't know their own souls; Ps. 139:14 Souls know; Ps. 25:1 Souls can be lifted up by self; Gen. 19:20 Souls live; Num. 21:5 Souls loath; Gen. 34:8 Souls long for others; Matt. 16:26 Souls can be lost; Deut. 13:3, Song 3:4 Souls love; Deut. 12:20 Souls lust; Jer. 38:16 God made us souls; Ps. 119:28 Souls melt; Job 14:22 Souls mourn; Deut. 30:2 Souls obey; Ps. 42:1 Souls pant; Ps. 7:5 Souls can be persecuted; Luke 2:35 Souls can be pierced; Ezek. 24:21 Souls pity; Matt. 12:18 God has a soul that can be pleased; Ezek. 4:14 Souls can be polluted; 1 Sam. 1:15, Ps. 42:4 Souls can be poured out; Ps. 121:7, 1 Thes. 5:23 Souls can be preserved; 3 John 2 Souls can prosper; Job 30:15 Souls can be pursued; 2 Sam. 4:9, Ps. 49:15 Souls can be redeemed from adversity or death; Job 6:7, Ps. 77:2 Souls can refuse; Prov. 25:13 Souls can be refreshed; Ps. 86:4 Souls rejoice; Lam. 1:11 Souls can be relieved; Ps. 35:17 Souls can be rescued; Ps. 23:3 Souls can be restored; 1 Kings 17:22 Souls can return into a person; Prov. 13:25 Souls can be satisfied; Heb. 10:39, James 5:20 Souls can be saved from death; Deut. 4:29, Eccl. 7:28 Souls seek; Deut. 10:12 Souls serve; Acts 4:32 Souls can be shared among many; Lev. 4:2 Souls sin; Matt. 26:38 Souls can be sorrowful; Ps. 86:2 Souls can be spared from death; Ps. 35:12 Souls can be spoiled; Rom. 13:1 Souls can be subject to men; Lev. 5:4 Souls swear; 1 Sam. 24:11 Souls can be taken by men; Job 27:8 God can take souls; Ps. 13:2 Souls take council; Ps. 42:2 Souls thirst; Ps. 7:2 Souls can be torn; Lev. 5:2 Souls touch things; Is. 53:11 Souls travail; John 12:27 Souls can be troubled; Ps. 57:1 Souls trust; 2 Kings 23:25 Souls can turn unto God; Judg. 16:16, 2 Pet. 2:8 Souls can be vexed; Ps. 33:20 Souls wait on God; Eccl. 6:2 Souls want; 1 Pet. 2:11 Souls can be warred against; Jer. 4:31 Souls weary; Jer. 13:17 Souls weep; Lev. 23:30 Souls work; Prov. 8:36 Souls can be wronged by self; Deut. 13:6 Relatives & friends are your soul


Is There Spirit in Man?

Zech. 12:1, Heb. 12:9, Num. 27:16 God created man's and animal's spirit; Job 32:8 Spirit in man exists, but God gives understanding; 1 Cor. 2:11 Man knows things by his spirit, but different from God's spirit thru which he knows Godly things; Eccl. 3:21, 12:7 At death, man's spirit returns to God, man's body & animals' spirit to ground; Prov. 20:27 God evaluates man via man's spirit


What the Church Is

Acts 11:26 An assembly; Num. 16:2, Judges 20:2 Israel = assembly of God's people; Deut. 7:6 A holy people; Acts 7:38 Israel = church in wild; Lev. 26:12, Jer. 30:20, 22, 2 Cor. 6:16 Church = God's people; Ps. 24:1 All people are God's; Lev. 23:3, 36, Deut. 16:8 Ancient Israel assembles on sabbath & holy days; Heb. 2:12, Ps. 22:22 A congregation, brethren; Eph. 2:19-21, 1 Tim. 3:15 Household/temple of God, pillar of truth; 2 Cor. 6:16, John 14:17, 23, Rom. 8:9 God dwells with/in, thru Spirit; Rev. 21:3 God dwells w/, in future; Rom. 8:14 Those led by Spirit are God's sons; Acts 2:47 Those who should be saved; Jer. 2:3 Israel = firstfruits; James 1:18, Rev. 14:4 Church = firstfruits; Ps. 82:6, John 10:34-35 God's children = receivers of God's word; Gal. 3:29 Those of Christ = Abraham's seed, heirs; Rom. 4:11, Gal. 3:7 Abraham is father of believers; John 8:39 Abraham's seed do Abraham's works; Rom. 2:28-29, 1 Cor. 7:19 Jews inwardly, circumcised in heart; Deut. 14:2, 1 Cor. 1:2 Sanctified, called to be saints, call on Jesus; Eph. 1:22-23 Christ's fullness/body; Phil. 2:3, 5 Have mind of Christ, in unity; John 13:35 Love one another; Matt. 7:20-21 Known by fruits; Rev. 2:13 Hold Christ's name; Ex. 19:6 Kingdom of priests, holy; 1 Pet. 2:5, 9 Church is priesthood, to show God praise; Ps. 107:32 Assembly praises God; Rev. 21:3 God to rule all people


The Church's Purpose

Acts 11:26 Church is taught; Acts 13:42-48 To hear God's word/learn unto eternal life (congregation = synagogue in vs. 43); Deut. 5:22 God spoke to assembly; Num. 10:2-4, 9 Israel assembles to be saved from enemy; Rev. 2:2-3 Church labors; Ezek. 3:17-21, Matt. 24:14 To witness/warn; Rev. 2:13, 25, 3:11 Church holds fast; Ps. 89:7 Assembly to fear God; Joel 1:14, 2:12-18 Assemble to repent; 1 Cor. 14:26 Assemble to edify; Is. 1:13-19 Assemble in vain if sinning; Matt:16:19, John 20:23 To loose people from sin; Matt. 28:19-20 To teach & baptize; Rom. 1:7 To be saints; Eph. 3:9-10 To know God's manifold wisdom; Eph. 5:27 To be w/o blemish; Heb. 11:13-16, 40 To be made perfect, receive heavenly country/city; Hos. 2:19, Eph. 5:31-32, 2 Cor. 11:2, Rev. 19:7-9 To be one w/ (married to) Christ; Ex. 21:8-9 Betrothed = assemble; Ex. 25:22, 29:42 Meet = assemble; Lev. 19:2 To be holy as God is; Eph. 2:19-22 Built together for God's habitation; Ex. 19:5-6 Kingdom of priests, holy (conditioned on obeying); Is. 61:6 Israel to be priests & ministers; 1 Pet. 2:5, 9 Church is priesthood, to show God praise; Ps. 107:32 Assembly praises God; Dan. 7:17, 27 Kingdom given to saints; Rev. 2:26-27 Overcome to rule nations; Rev. 5:10 Church to be kings & priests, reign on earth; Deut. 7:6 Israel to be above others; 1 Cor. 6:1-4 To judge world; Rom. 8:17 To be glorified; Deut. 33:2 Christ returns w/ saints & law


Church Governed How?

1 Cor. 11:3 Hierarchy; Eph. 1:22, 5:23-25 Christ is head, in love; Matt. 16:18 Built on Christ, rock; 1 Cor. 10:4, Col. 2:19, Num. 20:2-11 Israel/church feeds from Christ; Rom. 12:4-6, 1 Cor. 12:4-30, esp. 28 Each member has unique gift to serve body, each w/ specific role; Acts 14:23 Elders ordained in every congregation; Dan. 2:21 God sets up rulers; Eph. 4:11-16 Roles in church to edify, to keep unity, to keep out deceipt; Jer. 30:21 Leaders from among people; Deut. 16:18 People to make just judges; 1 Cor. 16:3-4, 2 Cor. 8:19 Church to choose person to deliver aid; 1 Tim. 5:22 Ordination = laying on hands; Ex. 30:30, Lev. 8:2-13 Aaron anointed before congregation; Num. 8:9-14 Levites set aside; Num. 11:17 Spirit given to others to aid Moses; Num. 22:15-23 Joshua anointed leader before assembly; Tit. 1:5 Titus to ordain elders, as Paul appointed him to do; Num. 16:esp. 2-3 Korah notes all are holy in claiming authority, but God chose Aaron; Jude 4-19, esp. 11 Korah compared to false teachers in church who separate selves; 2 Pet. 2:1, 10 False teachers = false prophets, rebelling against authority; Josh. 22:11-27 All Israel addresses supposed rebel group; Judg. 20:1-13 All Israel addresses sin; Deut. 13:13-16, 17:1-12 Dealing w/ those who reject God in Israel; 1 Cor. 5:1-7, 12-13, Matt. 18:15-20 Dealing w/ sinful brother in church; 2 Thes. 3:6-7, Rom. 16:17 Believers withdraw from disorderly; Ex. 22:28 Not to speak evil of rulers; Rom. 13:1-7, 1 Pet. 2:13-20 Be subject to earthly rulers, appointed by God; Deut. 1:16-17, 2 Chron. 19:6 Judges charged by God; Acts 5:29 Obey God more than man; 1 Pet. 5:1-5, 1 Tim. 3:1, 4-5, 2 Cor. 11:28 Elders rule by example & care for/feed church; Heb. 13:7, 17, 24 Obey elders who have rule; 1 Cor. 11:2 Paul delivers ordinances; 1 Cor. 4:16-17, 11:1, Phil. 3:16-17, 1 Thes. 3:6 Follow Paul/Timothy/elders in Christ; Acts 20:28-31 Elders are overseers to feed church (church & elders warned that some will seek own followings w/ falsehood); 3 John 9-10 Diotrophes casts some from church; Ezek. 34:2-10 Bad shepherd feeds self, not flock; 1 Tim. 5:16-17 Elders rule, family cares for family; James 5:14 Elders anoint; 2 Cor. 8:18-19 Elders send forth others; Acts 15:1-2 Paul & others go to Jersusalem to consult w/ elders/apostles re: dispute; Acts 15:22-27 Jerusalem elders/apostles send Paul & others to correct what other Jerusalem elders had said


Where the Church Is

Rev. 3:10, 1 Cor. 5:9-13 Church in world; John 14:17, 23, Rom. 8:9 Where God's Spirit dwells; John 14:23 Obeys God; John 13:35 Have love one for another; Rev. 2:13 Holds fast amid Satan's seat; Matt. 7:20-21 Known by fruits; 1 John 2:19, Jude 19 Nonbelievers leave believers, separate selves; 2 Thes. 3:6 Believers withdraw selves from disorderly; 2 Cor. 6:17 Church separates from world; John 17:14-18 In world but not of


What Heaven Is

2 Cor. 12:2-4 Three heavens, 3rd = paradise; Rev. 2:7 Paradise contains tree of life; Luke 23:43 Overcomers in paradise w/ Christ; Rev. 21:1-3, 5, 22:1-3, 14, 3:12 Tree of life in new heaven/earth near God's throne—God comes down from heaven to be w/ men; Ex. 20:22, Deut. 26:15, 1 Kings 8:30, 39, 43, 49, 2 Chron. 20:6, Dan. 2:28 God in heaven; Matt. 5:16, 6:9, Mk. 11:25-26 Father in heaven; Dan. 4:37 Heaven has a king; Ps. 11:4 God's throne in heaven; Is. 66:1, Acts 7:49, Matt. 23:22 Heaven = God's throne; 1 Kings 22:19 A host in heaven, near God's throne; Job 1:6, 2:1, Matt. 18:10, 22:30, 24:36 Angels in heaven with God; Is. 14:11-15 Satan ascends to / cast from heaven—God's throne in north, above stars, clouds; Gen. 28:12-13 Jacob's vision of heaven, God above ascending ladder of angels; Mk. 16:19, Luke 24:51, Acts 3:20-21 Christ received in heaven, at God's right hand; Acts 7:55 Christ at God's right hand in heaven; Rev. 4:2-11 Vision of heaven w/ throne, 4 beasts, 24 elders; Ps. 115:16, Eccl. 5:2 Heaven is God's, earth is man's; Matt. 3:2, 4:17, 5:3, 10 Kingdom of heaven; Matt. 6:10, Luke 11:2 God's will done in heaven; Matt. 5:12 Reward in heaven; Matt. 6:20, Mk. 10:21 Lay up treasures in heaven that don't fade; 1 Pet. 1:4 Inheritance reserved in heaven; Col. 1:15 Hope in heaven; Matt. 7:21, 18:3 Humans can enter kingdom of heaven; Matt. 8:11 Abraham in kingdom of heaven; Mal 3:10 Blessings from heaven; Luke 10:20 Names written in heaven; Heb. 12:23 Church written in heaven; Deut. 29:20, 2 Kings 14:27 Name blotted out from under heaven; Job 20:27-29 Heaven reveals sin; Job 16:18-20 Witness in heaven; 2 Cor. 5:1-2 Believers to receive heavenly house/body; Rev. 21:1-3 New heaven & earth—God to dwell w/ man in New Jerusalem that comes down from heaven; John 3:13 No man has gone to heaven except Christ; 2 Kings 2:1, 11 Elijah taken to heaven via whirlwind—hence, other heavens (1st & 2d); Gen. 1:6-8 Heaven = firmament, w/ water above/ below; Gen. 1:20, Rev. 19:17 Birds in heaven; 1 Kings 18:45 Heaven has clouds & wind; Gen. 7:11-12 Heaven has "openings" for rain; 2 Chron. 6:26, 7:13, Luke 4:25 Heaven shut up—no rain; Gen. 8:2 Rain comes from heaven; Gen 27:28, 39 Heaven has dew; Is. 55:10 Snow comes from heaven; Luke 17:24 Lightning from heaven; Gen. 11:4, Deut. 1:28 Towers/walls reach to heaven; Ps. 107:25-26 Waves reach to heaven; 2 Sam. 18:9 Absalom stuck between earth & heaven; Deut. 30:3-4, Neh. 1:8-9 Israel/Judah driven to / gathered from utmost parts of heaven, heaven = faraway place; Is. 13:3-6 Nations gather from ends of heaven / far country for Lord's Day; Zech. 14:1-3 Nations gather against Jerusalem; Matt. 24:31, Mk. 13:27 Elect gathered from earth's & heaven's ends; 1 Thes. 4:14-17 Christ's people rise & meet in air at last trump; Zech. 14:4-5, Rev. 11:15, 18, 19:4-5 Christ returns w/ saints to earth at last trump; Rev. 20:4, 5:10 Kings & priests w/ Christ 1000 years on earth; Gen. 22:17, Matt. 24:29 Heaven has stars, so another heaven = universe; Deut. 4:19 Host of heaven includes sun, moon, stars; Ezek. 32:7-8 Heaven has lights that can be covered; Jer. 33:22 Host can't be numbered; Is. 40:10-12 Only God can measure heaven; 2 Kings 17:16, Acts 7:42 Host of heaven worshipped; Jer. 10:2 Don't be dismayed by signs of heaven; Is. 34:4-5, 8, Matt. 24:29-30 Host of heaven to fall/dissolve before Day of Lord; Ps. 102:25-26, Matt. 5:18, 24:35, Rev. 20:11, 21:1 Heaven to wax old & perish


Importance of Unity

Ps. 133:1-3 Unity sanctifies (oil, see Ex. 30:25-32) & gives blessing/life; 1 Cor. 3:3-4 Divisions & strife show carnality; 2 Cor. 12:20-21 Sin creates strife; James 3:13-18 Wisdom shown in peace, evil in strife; 1 Cor. 14:33 Peace in true church; John 17:20-21 Oneness of believers in Christ = sign to world; Mal. 2:8-10, 14-16 Made one for godly seed, therefore deal not treacherously; Gal. 3:16 One seed only, i.e., Christ; Gal. 3:26-28 All baptized are one in Christ; Matt. 19:4-6 Divide not what God joins; 1 Pet. 3:1, 1 Cor. 7:10-17 Marriage/divorce principles related to peace; Eph. 5:21-33 Submit to one another, as in marriage, all one in Christ; 1 Cor. 7:2-5 We belong to our spouse [Christ], submit to avoid sin; 1 Cor. 12:4-21 Many gifts, one body


How to Maintain Unity

Follow ministry: Eph. 4:11-16 Ministry given to edify saints to unity, in doctrine; Heb. 13:5-9 Follow ministers, avoid strange doctrine, & be content; 1 Thes. 5:11-15 Be at peace w/ others—do good, revenge not, comfort, edify, follow leaders; 1 Cor. 3:3-9 Ministers are nothing but God's tools, one in practice

Be of one mind: 2 Cor. 13:11 Be of one mind & be in peace; 1 Pet. 3:8-9 Be of one mind, have compassion, not rendering evil for evil; Phil. 2:2-4 Have one mind, esteeming others better, looking after others; Rom. 14:1-15:7 Judge not others, lest causing offense, rather edify like Christ, being one in mind & speech

Have mind of Christ: Col. 2:18-19 Knit together in Christ

Love others: Col. 2:1-2 Hearts knit together in love; Eph. 4:2-7 Forbear in love to keep unity in Spirit; 1 Pet. 3:8-9 Be of one mind, have compassion, not rendering evil for evil; Col. 3:8-16 Forgive & love (bond of perfection), & also teach in songs; James 2:8 Love neighbor as self; Lev. 19:17-18 Love neighbor as self, rebuking, not revenging; 1 Pet. 1:22-2:3 Love w/ pure heart, laying aside malice, envy, evil talk; 1 Pet. 4:8-11 Love each other, cover sin, & glorify Christ; 1 Thes. 5:11-15 Be at peace w/ others—do good, revenge not, comfort, edify, follow leaders; Gal. 5:13-16 Love others as self, or you open door to fleshly lust

Esteem/look out for others more than self: 1 Pet. 5:5 Submit to each other; Phil. 2:2-4 Have one mind, esteeming others better, looking after others; Mk. 9:38-42, Num. 11:28-29 Forbid not others' well-doing—those not against are for; Gal. 5:26-6:5 Desire not glory, prove your own work, correct others in meekness; 1 Cor. 10: 17, 23-33, 8:6-13 Give no offense, looking out for others; Heb. 12:14-15 Follow peace w/ all, look out for others who fall, avoid bitterness; Prov. 10:12, 17:9 Hatred stirs strife, love covers sin; 1 Cor. 13:4-8 Qualities of love; 1 Cor. 9:19-23 Be servant to all; 1 Cor. 12:22-31 Care for, suffer & rejoice w/ one another—different gifts so no schism; Rom. 12:3-21 One body, different gifts, think not highly of self, show love, overcome evil w/ good

Watch speech: 1 Cor. 1:10-13 Speak the same w/ same mind & judgment; Col. 3:8-16 Forgive & love (bond of perfection), & also teach in songs; 1 Cor. 14:26, 29-33 Do all for edifying to maintain peace; Mk. 9:50 Have salt in you & have peace; Col. 4:6 Salted speech to know how to answer; Eph. 4:25 Speak truth b/c we are members of one another; 1 Pet. 1:22-2:3 Love w/ pure heart, laying aside malice, envy, evil talk; Matt. 15:11 Not what we eat but what we say that defiles; Eph. 4:29 Use speech to edify, not for evil; 2 Tim. 2:22-26 Avoid foolish questions, which create strife—rather, be gentle, able to teach meekly, patient; Prov. 17:14 Leave off strife before it becomes heavy; Prov. 15:18 Wrath stirs strife, patience appeases; Ps. 34:13-14 Keep tongue from evil—seek peace; Prov. 16:28 Froward stir strife, gossip splits friends; Prov. 26:20-21 No gossip, no strife

Rebuke/teach as needed: Lev. 19:17-18 Love neighbor as self, rebuking, not revenging; Heb. 12:14-15 Follow peace w/ all, look out for others who fall, avoid bitterness; Col. 3:8-16 Forgive & love (bond of perfection), & also teach in songs; James 5:19-20 Correcting friend hides sin if s/he repents; 2 Tim. 2:22-26 Avoid foolish questions, which create strife—rather, be gentle, able to teach meekly, patient; Gal. 5:26-6:5 Desire not glory, prove your own work, correct others in meekness; Forgive: Col. 3:8-16 Forgive & love (bond of perfection), & also teach in songs; Mk. 11:25-26 Forgive to be forgiven; Luke 6:37 Judge not & forgive to receive likewise; Luke 17:3-4 Rebuke sinners against you & forgive, if they repent

Avoid revenge: 1 Pet. 3:8-9 Be of one mind, have compassion, not rendering evil for evil; Lev. 19:17-18 Love neighbor as self, rebuking, not revenging; 1 Thes. 5:11-15 Be at peace w/ others—do good, revenge not, comfort, edify, follow leaders; Heb. 12:14-15 Follow peace w/ all, look out for others who fall, avoid bitterness; 1 Cor. 14:20 In malice be children; Prov. 10:12, 17:9 Hatred stirs strife, love covers sin; Rom. 12:3-21 One body, different gifts, think not highly of self, show love, overcome evil w/ good; 1 Cor. 6:7-8 Defraud not, & take wrong; Prov. 20:22 Avenge not, wait on God

Avoid lust: Gal. 5:26-6:5 Desire not glory, prove your own work, correct others in meekness; James 3:13-4:12 Wisdom shown in peace, fights come from lust, humble self to God & speak not against others, rather keep law

Appropriate dividing: 1 Cor. 11:16-19 Division comes via heresy; Matt. 12:30 Those not w/ Christ cause scattering; Rom. 16:17-18 Mark those who cause division contrary to doctrine & avoid; 1 Cor. 5:9-13, 5, 2 Tim. 3:5 Separate from wrongdoers in church for their good & yours; 2 Thes. 3:6, 14-15 Withdraw from disorderly, for admonishment; Matt. 18:15-17 How to deal w/ those who sin against you; Acts 20:28-31 Ministers to feed flock, some shall draw away others w/ false teaching; 1 John 2:18-19 False teachers left early church; 1 Tim. 6:3-5 Withdraw from those who teach wrong; 2 John 9-11 Don't receive sinners/false teachers; Gen. 13:5-9 Separate to maintain peace


Fulfilled Prophecies

Josh. 6:26, 1 Kings 16:34 Hiel raises up Jericho, his sons dying at start & completion; 1 Kings 13:1-2, 2 Kings 24:15-20 Josiah destroys Jeroboam's altar; Is. 13:17-22, Jer. 51 Babylon to be overthrown by Medes among others, then destroyed & never rebuilt—Cyrus would overthrow Babylon a couple of hundred years later, and Babylon as a city over the next millenia would be destroyed, to the point that some would doubt its existence until its rediscovery in the 20th century—Rev. 18:2 shows that a Babylonish system will be destroyed at the time of Christ's return; Is. 44:28, 45:1, 13 Cyrus to rule world, take over Babylon via going through gates, to free Judah, and to rebuild Jerusalem & the temple—Ezra 1:1-3 recounts Cyrus's proclamation to rebuild the temple and let the Jews return, & legends talk of Cyrus diverting the Euphrates to sneak into Babylon and subdue it; Jer. 25:11, 2 Chron. 36:20-23 Judah led away captive for seventy years; Jer. 46:19, Ezek. 30:13 Noph—Memphis—to be destroyed and no more Egyptian kings; Ezek. 26:3-14 Mainland Tyre destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar, and island city off coast destroyed by Alexander via a causeway built of rubble from the mainland—today the site is a rock for drying nets, and no one has rebuilt the city; Dan. 8:20-22, Dan. 11:2-4 Persian Empire to be destroyed by Greek Empire, which is then to be split four ways, as fulfilled by Alexander the Great; Nahum, esp. 1:8, 2:10, Zeph. 2:13-15 Ninevah's utter destruction and Assyria's fall would come in 612 B.C.; Matt. 24:1-2 Herod's temple destroyed

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